After the massive loss of the opposition in the 2022 U.P state assembly election by the NDA, the cracks in the SP-led alliance are visible.
SP alliance which at the time of fighting election comprises of Samajwadi Party (led by Akhilesh Yadav), Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party(led by Shivpal Singh Yadav), Mahan Dal(led by Keshav Dev Maurya), RLD( by Jayant Chaudhary), SBSP(by OP Rajbhar) and some other small regional parties who have their vote bank limited to a certain area or community.
If we put some light on the current scenario only big and significant party in the alliance left is RLD, as Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party led by Shivpal Yadav, and SBSP headed by Rajbhar have distanced themselves from the SP coalition. OP Rajbhar was continuously attacking SP chief Akhilesh Yadav for the coalition’s major defeat in the recent elections. He also took a jibe at him by saying Akhilesh Yadav merely comes out from the AC rooms. Mahan Dal led by Keshav Dev Maurya was the first to leave the camp, citing discrimination by the SP chief.
Rajbhar and Shivpal are making their place in the news headlines as the major critique of the SP chief, their policies, and the way he handles the election. Both of these parties have also voted for Smt Draupadi Murmu who was NDA’s prez candidate instead of Yashwant Sinha. Akhilesh didn’t even find worthful to invite both of these leaders at the meeting organized for the opposition presidential candidate Yashwant Sinha’s visit to U.P . Moreover they both were spotted at the dinner organized by BJP in support of NDA presidential candidate Draupadi Murmu.
However, this alliance manages to strengthen itself in the state assembly but the post-election roads seem more difficult for it.
SP with their alliance partners after the election in the past
The 2014 state assembly in which SP gained the majority and formed their government was fought in the name of Mulayam Singh Yadav, the founder of SP. Akhilesh was made CM sidelining the brother of Mulayam Singh, who later formed a new party namely the Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party.
In 2017 Akhilesh Yadav took full control over the party and he established himself as the party’s National President sidelining his father.
In 2017 he allied with Congress to defeat BJP in the state. They immensely failed in forming the government and just after the results were declared the alliance came to an end.
For the 2019 Loksabha election, Akhilesh Yadav formed an alliance with BSP who is a staunch rival of Mulayam and SP after the Guest House incident. This alliance too failed in gaining any ground and was broken as soon as a result was declared, with both the parties blaming each other for the loss.
Reason for the repeated breakdown
According to several political experts and thinkers, the main reason for the separation between SP and its alliance is the big brother image which SP wants to maintain at least in UP state politics. Alongside this, the immature behavior of party leaders is one of the many important reasons. Shivpal Yadav, Uncle of Akhilesh Yadav who formed his different Samajwadi accused Akhilesh of his behavior.