India in a nucleus of world financial slowdown resembles a bright point and both the IMF and World Bank are hopeful on Indian growth — as they placed growth estimates amid 7.5-7.9%. BJP Govt. has launched several policies and schemes like “Make in India” and “Digital India” to retain the momentum progressing. Numerous schemes like Surakhsa Beema Yojana, Atal Pensiion Yojana, Pradhan Mantri JanDhan Yojana, have been driven for commercial fusion and social protection.
This isn’t first time any govt has started ambitious schemes, since Nehruvian time central govt has been attempting to turn this nation more flourishing, but they be unsuccessful in strong implementation and reaching beneficiaries. In a populated and diverse nation like India, govt machinery isn’t adequately competent in both aspects.
Still, a nation where farmers commit suicide, shortage of quality education, non-functioning demographic dividend, and many menaces of Indian nation — reveals a mediocre story that notwithstanding presence of advancement policies, India is distant behind in imagining a peaceful and flourishing society. The causes can be associated to a largely couple factors; firstly, the inefficiency of govt in implementation & secondly, deficiency of awareness amongst multitude.
INCAPABILITY OF GOVERNMENT
Indian govt’s aim to render aid to the underprivileged and their escalating is transparent, but at implementation, the part govt unsuccessful. The analysis of inability can be associated to inappropriate monitoring, deficiency of responsibility, misalignment of motives and corruption. For instance, MNREGA failed in Maharashtra, United Child Development Scheme in Bihar, M.P. and Orrisa, Midday Meal in M.P. As per 2013’s CAG Report, MNREGA scheme has slipped in Karnataka and Bihar because of overthrow and misappropriation of funds.
Creating a policy and executing it as scheme has equivalent distinction- what the cricket team projects in changing room & what it performs on the pitch. The govt appears well equipped in changing room but when it happens on ground it befalls far fro expectation. For example, agriculture which employs our 55 percent populace and has been consistent locus of every power set in centre — still it staggers behind Chinese farming produce. There’re numerous schemes if we add both the center and state sponsored schemes but notwithstanding owning so prevalent farmer-focused policies, farming is the ultimate choice anyone will go for employment.
DEFICIENCY OF AWARENESS
In a current instance, when Gujarat govt started scheme, Mukhyamantri Yuwa Svavlamban Yojana –to support Matriculation cleared students to get financial support for admission in further studies — scholars and parents saw it complicated to appeal for scheme on govt website, wrongly they began to send needed docs. It pointed that govt isn’t fully informed of ground truth and they do not have a precise tool to reach beneficiaries. Indian govt has registered enormous success when purpose is collectively yielded.
India’s elections which’s seldom titled as “undocumented surprise” (a phrase neologized by then Chief Election Commissionar S.Y. Quarishi)- widely error-free concerted effort with less political intervention and co-ordinated administration, turns this huge democratic experience a triumph. India also satisfactorily dealt with the natural calamities in history. The govt also appropriately tackled many illnesses such as malaria, HIV and polio when target was well-broadcasted and transparent.
So the enigma appears How India can tackle natural disasters, diseases and elections so strongly but fail to execute a scheme. Roughly 72% of rural families in a poll held for seven states in 2011 (displayed by Pratham/ASER in collaboration with United Nations Development Program), weren’t informed concerning India’s most extensive flagship schemes MGNREGS. It unquestionably explicates that govt unsuccessful in formulating an cognizant environment where public comprehend what govt is executing for them. If miniature schemes were inspected, it might’ve presented more mediocre outcomes.
Indian govt allocates approximately Rs. 2 Lakh Crores on the 100 flagship projects centered on a series of public assistance and amid them 10 large flagship projects like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, MNREGS and different alike schemes — which estimates for 90% of resources. So there’re 90 another miniature projects which cover up administrative capability which significantly influences implementation of larger schemes. The schemes are created in the ministries but executed at the states, districts, and at village level and administration may not apprehend about all schemes executed in their district. So eliminating the miniature schemes to adequately focus on more extensive schemes can enhance administrators in administering.
Furthermore, schemes can be customized as per regional conditions. Some prefectures like Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala, and to some degree Maharashtra been victorious in achieving health-care schemes but the prefectures like Bihar, Orissa. There’s a necessity for more meticulous coordination with center and state govts and may be tailored policies may run much better than the homogenous ones in few states. And ultimately, there’s a call for superior coordination between special entities, NGOs , community, civil society, and govt in formulating public policy to ameliorate the transparence, effectiveness and excellence of scheme or policy.