Science in Hinduism 2: Is Mass Energy Equivalence Theory explained in our scripture?
During the study of Manusmriti, I found the fascinating phenomenon of world’s creation ‘The Big Bang Theory‘ in it. The way it was elaborated meticulously, I was completely mesmerized! It instigated me to explore the Hindu scriptures further with a scientific view and I found another, even more intriguing phenomenon, in Veda- ‘Yatha Pinde, Tatha Brahmande; Yatha Brahmande, Tatha Pinde‘. This is exactly the famous ‘Mass Energy Equivalence Theory, E= mc2‘; given by the great physicist, Nobel laurate A. Einstein. How?! Here it is!
The famous hymn ‘Yatha Pinde, Tatha Brahmande; Yatha Brahmande, Tatha Pinde‘ is written in Yajurveda and a similar shloka is also written in Rigveda with some alter words. What does it mean? As is the body, so is the universe and vice-versa.
Let’s see the word ‘Pind’ especially. We see the dictionary meaning of ‘Pind’ as follows (reference: Molier Williams Sanskrit English Dictionary):
- any round or roundish mass or heap, a ball, a globe, knob, button, clod, lump, piece
- a ball of rice or flour offer to the ancestors, an oblation
- food, daily bread, livelihood, subsistence
- any solid mass or material object, the body, bodily frame
- a calf of the leg
- the flower of a china rose
- a portico, part of a house
- the fleshy part of the shoulder situated above the collar bone
- the two projections of an elephant’s frontal sinus
- the embryo in an early stage of gestation
- a kind of incense
- meat, flesh
- quantity, collection
- a sine expressed in numbers
- a sound tone
- of a man
- fresh butter
Sanskrit is a copious language; its words have many meanings. In general, ‘Pind’ is referred as a body or part of body, but precisely; it is mass or material object – living or non-living; discernible or indiscernible. Hence, an object for our study, a section for our observation could be called as a Pind; and could be as small as an embryo or could be as large as a planet or star.
In the entire world, every object, every element, living non-living whatever; has some discrete qualities, behaviour and nature with the other, some have few similarities too. Question is, if every object is different from the other, how could it be possible – Yatha Pinde, Tatha Brahmande – As is the individual, so is the universe? Certainly, this condition could not be fulfilled until and unless every individual is made of some basic elements. Exactly, this dubious condition is answered by Manu in Manusmriti, Chapter 1, shloka 6 & 14 to 16:
tatah swayambhuh bhagwan avyakto vyanjanna idam
mahaabhutaadi vritti ojaah praduh aasit tamonudah (1:06)
Then the divine self-existent, self-born, indiscernible, omnipresent God; manifested this universe by dispelling the darkness with his energy (oja) and made discernible himself in the form of five basic (great) elements (Panch Mahabhut). (1:06)
udvabarhatmamanashchaiva manah sadasadaatmakam
From himself, he also drew forth the mind, which is both real and unreal, likewise from the mind egoism, which possesses the function of self-consciousness (and in) lordly.
mahaantameva chaatmaanam sarvaani trigunaani cha
vishayaanaam grahitrini shanaih panchendriyaani cha (1:15)
Moreover, the great one, the soul, and all (products) affected by three qualities, and, in their order, the five organs which perceive the objects of sensation.
teshaam tvavayavaansukshmaan shannampyamitaujasaam
sanniveshyaatmamaatraasu sarvabhutaani nirmame (1:16)
He (the creator) created all beings by joining minute particles of those six (Panch Mahabhut and Mind), which possesses measureless power, with particles of himself.
From above shlokas it is obvious that all living and non-living object is made of five basic elements. Easily could be concluded the first part ‘Yatha Pinde Tatha Brahmande’ is true. But, the later part ‘Yatha Brahmande, Tatha Pinde’ is even more complex. Still the five basic elements are different from each other, if all five are contained in Brahmand, even then it is not possible that the Brahmand contained in five elements individually, until and unless all these five elements are formed of a single element. Surprisingly, this question is also answered in above shlokas; all these five great elements (Panch Mahabhut) are made of Oja (energy or ap or aupo). This is exactly Einstein’s Mass Energy Equivalence theory. The theory iterates: Mass and Energy are mutually convertible. In simple words, every known element in the entire world is a form of energy. We have already seen in the shloka of Manusmriti that every discernible, indiscernible, real unreal thing i.e. the entire universe is made of Oja (energy) of the God.
The last word I would like to say, this shloka Yatha Pinde Tatha Brahmande not only depicts the famous mass energy equivalence theory but is the greatest shloka for humanity too. The Rishi who wrote the shloka, knew by his experience, by his inner conscience that everything in the entire world is made of a single element i.e. Oja (in scientific terminology it is ‘Energy’). It simply shows that every individual is equal by default, how could he discriminate someone based on caste, race, color etc.?! Equality is not a matter of choice, but all are basically equal, created by God and consists of a single element called Oja. Certainly, the discrimination was not the concept of original Hinduism.
To create harmony among the society we need to examine the scriptures without our biased perception. We must and must have to examine our scriptures with unbiased view, understand the the message our scriptures actually want to deliver. This is the only one solution.
In next part ‘Science in Hinduism 3’ I will try to explain how the famous ‘Time Dilution Theory of A. Einstein is already in Hindu scriptures, till then please bear with me.