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Khalistan movement: The challenge for India’s government

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● About Movement

The khalistan movement is a fight by some misguided Sikhs for a separate and Sovereign state in present day Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. They are demanding for separate state from India. Which should be governed according to their believes in their religion.

● History of Khalistan Movement

The seeds of this hatred was grown by the Britisher during the partition of India and Pakistan. Because the large part of Punjab was came under Pakistan and the capital of Maharaja Ranjit Singh great Sikh empire, went to Pakistan and also the birth place of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism. While most Sikh found themselves in India, they were a small minority in the country making up around 2 percent of the Population.

Further in 1966, the Punjab state was trifurcated into Hindi speaking, Hindu majority states of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana and the Punjabi speaking Sikh majority Punjab. After some years in 1980, a man named Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale had grown so much that he started to become a problem for the government. He and his follower were also getting increasingly violent. He with support from Akali Dal’s leadership launched a civil disobedience movement called the Dharam Yudh Morcha. He took up residence inside the Golden Temple, directing demonstration and clashes with the police.

In 1984, the situation in Punjab had become increasingly untenable for the government. At the end Indira Gandhi took the fateful decision to order the Indian Army to flush out militants from the Golden Temple and neutralise Bhindranwale. Operation Blue Star began on June 1, 1984 but due to fierce resistance from Bhindranwale and his heavily armed supporters, the Indian Army’s Operation become larger and more violent.

According to government 83, Indian soldiers were killed and 249 were injured in the Operation and more than 300 khalistan supporters were killed in Operation. While the Operation was ostensibly successful in it’s aims Bhindranwale was killed and the Golden Temple was freed of militants.It also galvanised the demand of khalistan, but after that Operation many other violence takes place. And the result of that PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh bodyguards. A massive violence took place at that time.

●Current Situation

From last one and half year the khalistan supporters are raising again. They doing violence and disrespecting India’s sentiments. Now they getting support from the Sikhs who live in foreign countries majorly from Canada, Australia, USA and Britain.They abuse with the Indians who lives their.Just like Bhindranwale now a man named Amritpal leading this movement in India. He is assembling the people for this movement and they had also done roits with the police last month. But now the Amritpal is missing and police is searching him.

We can see that the pattern is going same as Bhindranwale case. If Indian government doesn’t take action on it now, then may be history can repeat itself.

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