Subash Chandra Bose: The Tipping Point of Independence Struggle
We often talk and write about the leaders who were present in the front during the Independence Struggle Movement of India but forget to remember those unsung or real heroes who were setting the tone of the movement.
And so today I have chosen a person to write about who was one of that kind. Unlike many authors I will not be describing his character and life or rather the mystery of his life but will try to motivate the readers through his very own words and henceforth after reading this article the ball will be in the readers’ court to decide the philosophy of Netaji’s life.
He was the founder of INA which was a great aspect of our national freedom struggle.
On 6 and 8 August came the Atom Bombs, dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Russia declared war on Japan immediately thereafter. And on 15 August 1945 Japan officially surrendered.
Yet just imagine this amazing person issuing the special order of the day, on that very day, 15 August 1945:
In our struggle for the Independence of our motherland we have been overwhelmed by an undreamt of crisis. You may perhaps feel that you have failed in your mission to liberate India. But, let me tell you that this failure is only of a temporary nature. No setback and no defeat can undo your positive achievements of the past.[How true it was to prove soon]. Many of you have participated in the fight along the Indo-Burma frontier and also inside India and have gone through hardship and suffering of every sort. Many of your comrades have laid down their lives on the battlefield and have become the immortal heroes of Azad Hind. This glorious sacrifice can never go in vain.
In the dark hour I call upon you to conduct yourselves with discipline, dignity and strength befitting a truly Revolutionary Army. You have already given proofs of your valour and self-sacrifice on the field of battle. It is now your duty to demonstrate your undying optimism and unshakable will power in this hour of temporary defeat. Knowing you as I do, I have not the slightest doubt that even in this dire adversity you will hold your heads erect and face the future with unending hopes and confidence.
Comrades, I feel in this critical hour thirty eight crores of our countrymen at home are looking at us, the members of India’s Army of liberation. Therefore, remain true to India and do not for a moment waiver in your faith in India’s destiny. The roads to Delhi are many and Delhi still remains our goal. The sacrifices of your immortal comrades and of yourselves will certainly achieve their fulfilment. There is no power on earth that can keep India enslaved. India shall be free and before long”
Then later in an another speech Netaji said, “……When we stand, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a wall of granite; when we march, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a steamroller. With the slogan ”Onward to Delhi” on your lips let us continue to fight till the National Flag flies over the viceroy’s house in New Delhi and the Azad Hind Fauj holds its victory parade inside the ancient Red Fort of the Indian metropolis”.
It was Netaji’s dream to hoist the flag of India from the rampart of Lal Quila which is why every year on the 15th August the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from there and therefore PM’s decision to hoist the flag today from Lal Qila is commendable.
I have always believed that Netaji was the tipping point of the movement while Gandhiji was the basis for our Independence. Patel and Ambedkar were responsible for making the Republique de la India.
By not recognizing the magnitude of what Subash Chandra Bose had done for the Independence of India, you will be called as ignorant. If Gandhiji’s life is about enthusiasm, Bose’s about determination. If Gandhiji was the child splashing colour with glee, Bose was the scientist in relentless search for progress.
Lately author is a law student at NMIMS School of Law, Mumbai
Law Student at NMIMS School of Law. Writes on Indian Constitutional Law and Philosophy and Public Policy.