Acharya Chanakya Image Source
“A Teacher is never an ordinary person. Construction and destruction can be produced in his lap.” – Acharya Chanakya.
This quote aptly describes the role of Teachers in our society. With their Thoughts, they can influence many to a constructive path or else with some biased teaching they can lead an entire generation on the path of destruction.
Bharatvarsha was, is and will be blessed by many intellectual and pious soul, who choose to share their wisdom via teaching. They contributed to the development of this nation with their noble efforts. Be it a simple ‘Zero’ or huge task of splitting Vedas into four parts. They contributed in every aspect of life, right from Astronomy to Nuclear Physics.
Today, we shall remember those noble Teachers/Gurus who somehow shaped the world that we reside:
1. Maharshi Ved Vyas.
Maharshi Ved Vyas Image Source
The Compiler of the Mahabharat. One of the Seven Immortals (Chiranjeevi). The scholar who classified Vedas into the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Like Teacher’s Day is celebrated in remembrance to Dr. Sarvepalli RadhaKrishanan, Guru Purnima is dedicated to the contribution of Maharshi Ved Vyas.
2. Maharshi Panini
Maharshi Panini Image Source
The Scholar who scribed the Vyakarana(Grammar) for Sanskrit. His treatise on Sanskrit Grammar, Ashtadhyavi is the foundational text for Vyakaran branch of Vedanga. His work has influenced many modern Linguistics. The work of Maharshi Panini has made Sanskrit the preeminent Indian language of learning and literature for two millennia.
3. Maharshi Aryabhata
Maharshi Aryabhata Image Source
Mathematician and Astronomer. His contribution in the form of a treatise on Mathematics & Astronomy still guides the modern world. One of such work is Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane trigonometry, spherical trigonometry, continued fractions, quadratic equations, sums-of-power series, and a table of sines. Aryabhata estimated the value of ‘pie’. He insisted that earth rotates around its Axis and Sky does’t rotate around Earth, like many at that time believed. To honor his contribution in the field of Astronomy, Indian Government named its first satellite as Aryabhata.
4. Maharshi Sushruta
Maharshi Sushruta Image Source
Known as ‘Father of Surgery’, Maharshi Sushruta was the author of Suśruta-saṃhitā. Many experts consider this book as one of the important surviving ancient treatises on medicine. Suśruta-saṃhitā is considered foundational text of Ayurveda. He was the first person to describe Plastic Surgery. Detailed Description of Surgery Procedure, Surgical Instruments, and Type of Illness in the Human Body, highlights the wisdom of our ancient sages.
5. Maharshi Kanada
Maharshi Kanada Image Source
The Sage, Scientist, and Philosopher who blended science, philosophy, and religion via his work in Vaisheshika Sutra. He proposed Anu(Atom) as an indestructible particle of matter and pioneered Atomic Theory. He founded Vaishesika, one of the six major schools of Vedi Philosophy of our Bharatvarsha. His work in a large measure agreed with the discoveries of modern physics.
There are many other Sages/Teachers whose contribution are noteworthy. Feel free to mention them in the comments.
This Article was Originally Published on HBR Patel