India has been identified as an agricultural country, but many farmers in the country are poor. Due to this, many times in the country many farmers; movements have got caught up. One look at the basic problems of farmers.
Controversy over the ownership of agricultural land in the country is the biggest problem for them. Farmers have been raising voice against unequal distribution of land many times. A large part of the land is with big farmers, Mahajan and money lenders on which small farmers work. In such a situation, if the crop were not good, the small farmers were drowned in debt.
One big problem for the farmers is that they do not get the right price on the crop. Farmers also have to complete all paperwork to sell their merchandise. For example, if a farmer wants to sell a product at the government center, then he should require a paper from the village officer. In such cases, the less educated farmers are forced to sell their goods at an average of three and a half times.
It is very important to have good seeds for good crop. But due to lack of proper distribution system, these are not expensive and good seeds in the reach of small farmers. Because of this, they do not get any benefit and the quality of the crop is affected.
Monsoon cannot be accurately predicted in India. Despite this, advanced techniques of irrigation system have not been spread in all parts of the country. For example, Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh have good arrangements for irrigation, but a large part of the country is where agriculture is dependent on monsoon. The falling level of its underground water has also increased the problems of people.
Other natural causes other than human factors also increase the problems of farmers and agriculture. In fact, due to air and water on large areas of fertile land, soil erosion occurs. Due to this, the soil loses its original capacity and its impact falls on the crop.
Now the machines are being used in the agriculture sector, but still, there are some areas where a big task is still done by the farmers themselves. They use traditional methods in agriculture. Especially in such cases, more and more cases are seen with small and marginal farmers. Its effect is clearly visible on the quality and cost of agricultural products.
There is a lack of good storage facilities in rural areas of India. In such a situation, farmers are forced to deal with the crop at the earliest and many times farmers make crude bargain in two and a half times. The court has also reprimanded the Center and the state governments for storage facilities, but the ground situation has not changed much so far.
A major hurdle in the promotion of Indian agriculture is also the lack of good transport system. Even today, there are many villages and villages in the country that are not connected to the markets and cities. At the same time, the weather also has a great effect on some roads. In this case, farmers sell goods at lower prices only in local markets. To overcome this problem, the agriculture sector needs a lot of money as well as a strong political commitment.
Like all areas, agriculture also needs capital to grow. The technical expansion has further enhanced this requirement of capital. But there is lack of capital in this area. Small farmers take loans from Mahajan, traders at higher rates. But in the last few years, farmers have started taking loans from banks too. But circumstances have not changed much.