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Some rare photographs of 19th century India

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Ranjor Singh Bundela

Maharaja of Ajaigarh in Central India, Ranjor Singh Bundela. He was born on the 29th September 1848, and succeeded to the throne on the 9th September 1859. He was descended from the famous Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundela who reconquered Bundelkhand from the Turks.

Kachchwaha Maharaja Ram Singh Ji

Kachchwaha Maharaja Ram Singh Ji of Jaipur. He was a keen photographer and was very religious.

Rajputs of Alwar state

Rajputs of Alwar state. The state was founded after the battle of Maonda Mandholi in AD 1767. The founder Pratap Singh was a Jagirdar of two and a half villages prior to the battle and was part of the victorious Jaipur army which had routed the Bharatpur army which was being commanded by the European generals. Pratap Singh pursued the fleeing Bharatpur army and snatched from them many villages and also got hold of villages of the fallen Jaipur sardars.Photographer of the above picture was Eugene Clutterbuck Impey

Fateh Singh (Maharaj Fateh Singh)

Fateh Singh, subsequently Maharaj Fateh Singh of Raoti. Raoti estate was given to his father Maharaj Zorawar Singh who was second son of Maharaja Takhat Singh of Marwar.

Dogra soldiers

Dogra soldiers of the Jammu and Kashmir Staet Forces of Maharaja Ranbir Singh in campaigning costumes,1876 AD.

Parihar Meena

Parihar Meena of Deoli Irregular Infantry, C 1860. During the mutiny of 1857, a Meena Battalion was raised by English East India Company. Later it was named Deoli Irregular Infantry and then 42nd Deoli Regiment.

Rajput Soldiers

Rajput Soldiers of Maharaja Takhat Singh of Jodhpur’s Bodyguards, C 1860.

A Warrior of Orchha State

A Warrior of Orchha State with a Tulwar, wearing mail and plate armor (zirah bagtar), helmet (khula khud) and arm guards (dastana), he is holding a very long lance and there is a shield at his side. Orchha was founded in 1531 (the 16th century AD) by the Bundela Rajput Chief, Rudra Pratap Singh, who became the first King of Orchha, (ruled 1501-1531).

Parihar Meenas

The group photographed is of Parihar Meenas, who are principally located in the Kerna, a hilly town in Mewar, in Rujputana. The height of the figure on the right hand is about five feet eleven inches, with grey eyes and light brown complexion, dressed in a coat of dark green, with a white Dhoty or waistcloth, and a red turban. The centre figure is wrapped in a dark green cloth thrown round his shoulders, and tied in front, with a dirty white turban and dhoty. The man standing next him is dressed entirely in white, with green waistcloth. The man sitting down is in a black cotton coat, white Dhoty, and turban. The eyes of these three are a deep brown.

Hada Rajput soldiers

They are Hada Rajput soldiers. The Hada tribe of Rajputs inhabit the part of Rajputana named Haraoti of which Bundi is the capital and out of which has sprung the separate state of Kotah. The Hada as their brother Rajputs, as a general rule have good features, are tall, active and handsome, devoted to their chief but proud and vindictive. The picture of Hada Rajput group represents five soldiers in the service of Maharao of Kotah, armed with matchlock, sword and shield, their usual weapons. The height of the man standing on the right is five feet nine inches. Hadas have impressive feature and bearing.

Sources:
1.Photographers were Samuel Bourne, Charles Shepherd, Eugene Clutterbuck Impey.
2.The People of India: a series of photographic illustrations, with descriptive letterpress, of the races and tribes of Hindustan. London: India Museum, 1868-1875,edited by John Forbes Watson and John William Kaye

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