Water crisis is often attributed to lack of government planning, increased corporate privitization, industrial and human waste and government corruption. Water level in India’s major reserviors have fallen to 21% of the average of last decade. Delayed Monsoon to impact Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan the biggest producers of sugarcane, cotton, pulses and soyabean. Due to acute water shortage the farmers have stopped growing crops like sugarcane as it consumes more water.
— Sugar & Sweetener (@Sugar_Sweetener) March 23, 2012
In Maharashtra in Vidarbha region is facing 30 percent deficit rainfall in the first half of monsoon; the situation is very grim. Water storage in dams is just 64 percent compared to 78 percent last year. The last few decades have seen regions of Maharastra suffering from severe and frequent droughts that adversely affected the farming community within the states. The regions of Marathwada and Vidarbha are worst affected in terms of drought. The Mahrashtra government has launched the Jalyukta Shivar Scheme to help recharge ground water. However it hasn’t done much benefit to the farmers
The #Maharashtra govt had promised to make all villages drought-free by 2019. But only 60% of work has been done under the Jal Yukta Shivar Abhiyan scheme.
— Mirror Now (@MirrorNow) May 14, 2019
The Modi 2.0 after coming to power has introduced a new ministry Jal Shakti Ministry to ensure clean water and top class irrigation facility to farmers. The new ministry amalgamates the ministries of water resources, river development and Ganga rejuvenation with the Ministry of Drinking water and sanitation. Lack of water management and destruction of water between urban consumers the agriculture sector and industry. The demand and supply of water management has to be considered the water given for irrigation to farmers through allocated resources and efficiency of water used is considered to ensure efficient water management. It will happen only by restructuring the ministry to take irrigation out into infrastructure and focusing on water management.
For the lack of efficient water management and distribution water between urban consumers, the agriculture sector and industry, the government needs to enhance its investment in technology and include all stakeholders at the planning level to ensure optimum utilization of existing resources.