Thursday, August 13, 2020
Home Opinions Jugni: An accidental creation?

Jugni: An accidental creation?

Also Read

 

We all have been listening to Jugni-poetry or Jugni-music since our childhood. But who is this Jugni? A woman, an instrument or an ornament. In reality, we do not find any significant meaning or mention of Jugni in Punjab history or folk memories.

Basically, it is a mispronounced word by two illiterate singers of Punjab named Bishna Jatt and Manda Marassi. Both were from Majha region near Amritsar of earlier Punjab. They used to sing folk songs such as Mirza and Tappe with their classical instruments in local streets to earn their living.

Back in 1906, when they were in their 50s, British government took a flame in a big gold container across several countries and cities under the British rule to mark the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria’s reign. According to oral histories, it was ‘Jublie’ which illiterate Bishna and Manda pronounced as ‘Jugni’. The flame was taken to every district headquarter of states and district authorities were supposed to observe big ceremonies in the welcome of the torch. Bishna and Manda followed the flame and composed their own stanzas in the name of Jugni and started organising Akharas (shows) in these festivals. That is why, we usually find a city name in the beginning of the Jugni verses.

Jugni ja varhi Majithe
koi rann na chakki peethe
putt gabbru mulak vich maare
rovan akhiyan par bull si seete
piir mereya oye jugni ayi aa
ehne kehrhi jot jagayee aa
jugni ja varhi ludhiane
uhnu pe gye anne kaane
maarn mukkiyan mangan daane
piir mereya oye! jugni kehndi aa
jehrhi naam ali da lendi aa

Due to easy versification of Jugni verses these stanzas became popular in no time. In those days, although movement for freedom did not rise however there was deep anger in the mind of the masses against British rulers. People were poor and illiterate and were highly exploited by British government. Bishna and Manda started writing verses about this agony which channelized the rebel of the people against queen’s rule.

 

Growing popularity of this Jugni composition was unresting the British rulers. Consequently, they started banning their shows in the festivals but this could not stop them from performing stage shows. As a result, both the singers got arrested at Gujjaranwala and said to be tortured to death for inciting public against British rule.

Unfortunately, we do not find much about family background or siblings of two martyrs. It is believed that neither of them got married .But they have given a magical rebellious character of Jugni to the musical world which is the soul of folk songs. They are yet to be thanked as modern world do not really know the creation of Jugni and its creators.

  Support Us  

OpIndia is not rich like the mainstream media. Even a small contribution by you will help us keep running. Consider making a voluntary payment.

Trending now

Latest News

The curious case of Shah Faesal

Shah Faesal, is a UPSC civil services topper and a staunch campaigner of Pakistan sponsored "Kashmiriyat" and vocal anti-Indian.

Covid opens up urban development challenge, how we respond to it, is up to us

This is the time when we should start focusing on creating employment opportunities in tier 3 and tier 4 cities and even in rural areas, so people can find the employment near their homes and don’t need to migrate to metros in search of employment.

Job data; faster PM Narendra Modi acts on it, the better: It should also capture migrants’ data

Transparency and availability of data was a big hallmark of Narendra Modi 1.0 government, with various information available on dashboard and a click of a button, similarly this would be a game changing achievement for Narendra Modi 2.0.

Law against fake news is need of the hour: Media can’t hide anymore behind the freedom of speech

Article 19.1.a b which deals with freedom of speech and expression is universally applicable to all the citizens, including journalists. There is no special provision under the constitution for freedom of speech to the media.

Why Ram Mandir

generation or two, Bharatiyas have resisted, sacrificed and survived one invasion after another. The reclaiming of this ancient site and building a grand temple is a civilization accepting the challenge of the competing invasive cultures and declaring in one voice that we are here to stay.

Awakening of the sleeping Hindu giant

An Ode to the Resurrection of the Hindu self-esteem & pride.

Recently Popular

सामाजिक भेदभाव: कारण और निवारण

भारत में व्याप्त सामाजिक असामानता केवल एक वर्ग विशेष के साथ जिसे कि दलित कहा जाता है के साथ ही व्यापक रूप से प्रभावी है परंतु आर्थिक असमानता को केवल दलितों में ही व्याप्त नहीं माना जा सकता।

Avrodh: the web-series that looks more realistic and closer to the truth!

The web-series isn't about the one Major who lead the attack, its actually about the strike and the events that lead to it, Major was a part of a big picture like others who fought alongside him, the snipers, the national security advisor so on and so forth.

The story of Lord Jagannath and Krishna’s heart

But do we really know the significance of this temple and the story behind the incomplete idols of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Maa Shubhadra?

Striking similarities between the death of Parveen Babi and Sushant Singh Rajput: A mere co-incidence or well planned murders?

Together Rhea and Bhatt’s media statements subtly and cleverly project Sushant as some kind of a nut job like Parveen Babi, another Bhatt conjuring.

Two nation theory after independence

Two Nation Theory was the basis of partition of India. Partition was accepted based on the assumption that the Muslims staying back in India because they rejected the Two Nation theory. However, later decades proved that Two Nation Theory is not only subscribed by a large section of Indian Muslims but also being nourished by the appeasement politics.
Advertisements