Hoysaleswar Temple: Ancient Sanatan Architectural technology in Hoysal Temple
Many people around the world know the Indian Temples because of their splendid carvings and architectural perfection. But, there is even more in these temples. This is the technology used in making those temples.
If I start telling about all those temples, there is a very long list, not only in India, but these Sanatan (Hindu, as per now) architectural marvels are spread all over the globe telling the glorifying history of the Bharatvarsh (name of India in ancient times, whose boundaries included many countries along with present-day India).
But, in this paper, I will tell about one specific temple.
This is called the Hoysaleswar Temple, which is situated in the state of Karnataka, India. Build in the 12th century (according to historians and archaeologist), during the reign of Hoysal Empire of India, in the empire’s capital city.
So, we start the topic.
The lathe-turned Pillars–
Many of us have seen the baseball. Some of us might have noticed the fine circular marks on the baseball bat. Those minute fine circles are made around the bat at the time of manufacturing. Wooden blocks are turned (rotated) on lathe at a very high speed, and a mechanical cutter removes the excess part from the block, by simply being in contact with the block (excess material are removed by their own, as the work-piece rotates at a very high speed). But, can this be done to a stone block which is more than 3 meters in height, and more than 60 centimeters in diameter.
No, certainly not. It is impossible even with modern-day tools. And, according to historians and archaeologist, this temple is about 800 years old. And, according to them, at that time there were only hammers and chisels (ah, I don’t believe it at all). And with such tools, at that time it was far more than impossible to turn such a pillar on lathe. Now, look at this pillar from the temple.
This pillar is made of stone, as you can see it.
You can also notice fine circular marks which go around the pillar.
We can create such circular patterns going round the pillar with chisels and hammers, but such minute patterns are impossible to make with chisels and hammers.
These patterns can be created only if any structure is lathe-turned.
I show you a much clear image of these patterns on the pillar.
This picture clearly shows the marks or patterns on the pillar, and which you can see are very-very minute. To understand how the lathe works, have a look on the next picture. This picture shows how a lathe works. In the image below, a metal object is being rotated on a lathe, and you can notice the similar circular marks arising on the object as a result of lathe-turning. The object is rotated at a very high speed to make it in desired shape.
But, how can be this done to such a huge rock. To rotate such a huge block on a high speed is extremely difficult, or nearly impossible even with modern machines. So, how the so-called primitive sculptors could have built this pillar with their so-called primitive tools. Those sculptors must have the technology of lathe-turning. Otherwise, there is no way these circular patterns can be created around these pillars.
Have a look on some of more pillars in the temple. On observing these pillars carefully, one can clearly understand that there is no way these pillars had been made, other than the turning on a lathe.
Also, the lathe used in making these pillars must had been more advanced than what we have today. Because today, lathe are used to turn small objects like a baseball bat, but to turn such huge blocks of rock, a much advanced and strong lathe is needed. There is another such pillar, as you can see it in the next image.
Wikipedia also confirms this, as you can see it in the next picture. On the page about this temple, Wikipedia also says that it was constructed by lathe-turning. I don’t know if the stuff I have shown you in the next image is still present on Wikipedia or not, as people keep editing the pages on Wikipedia. And, that is why I have taken a screenshot of the page.
But, here a question arises that, did those sculptors have any rotating mechanism at that time, because for turning anything on a lathe, you must need a rotating mechanism.
Have a look on the next picture; it is a pillar inside the temple.
Look how similar it looks like a rotatory gear.
But, archaeologists would deny this by saying that it is just a carved pillar, and it is nothing more than a co-incidence that it looks like a rotatory gear. So, I have more both for them and you. The image below is an idol called the Masana – Bhairava, which means of a sculptor. The idol might be of the head of the sculptors who made this temple. This statue is carved outside the temple.
Look at the tools this idol holds in his multiple hands (this does not mean, that the person had multiple hands, the multiple hands is a depiction to show that he used multiple tools, which are shown in his hands).
Look at one of those tools, I have shown it more clearly in the next picture.
This tool exactly looks like a planetary gear, a type of rotating mechanism. Look at the picture below which shows a planetary gear. There are some differences in both the images of a planetary gear, as the below one is in 3d, and the one in the hand of the idol is made as a 2d.
If still now, any doubt arises in your mind, I have more to show. Look at the picture below, in which you can see how the carving of this planetary gear has 32 teeth on the outer gear and 16 teeth on the inner gear.
- If the archaeologists will deny that the similarity of this tool from modern day planetary gears, how they will explain the fact that the number of teeth in the inner and outer gear of this carved tool has the exact ratio of ‘1:2’, similar to the modern day gears.
- How can there be so many co-incidences at one place.
- And what is more surprising is that, a fastener is going around this tool, just as the modern-day gears.
- This is very much surprising, the fastener is going around the tool in the same way as it is in modern-day tools, and also it is locked up in the center.
- You can see it in the next figure.
- The Stone-Cutting Technology-
- Now, look at the image below. This is a 7-foot tall idol of the Lord Shiva inside the temple.
- At first instance, looking at the idol, one will just say the idol is very beautifully carved and polished.
- But that’s not the strange thing about this idol.
- The crown of the idol is adorned with skulls (of stone obviously), which are less than 1-inch wide.
- Also, the crown is not touching the head of the idol, unlike the other idols in various temples.
- It is very strange, that the crown is not in contact with head of the idol.
- There is a very small gap between the crown and the head of the idol.
- If we shine a flash light through this gap, the light will pass through the gap, as you can see it in the next picture.
- But, if we try to pass a small twig which is about 3 mm. wide, it will pass through the gap, i.e., the gap between the head and the crown of the idol is less than 3 millimeters wide.
This is totally baffling. How the sculptors more than 800 years ago, were able to make this gap which is less than 3 millimeter wide, with just chisels and hammers (as archaeologists says). This is impossible.
Someone may say that the crown was made separately, and then was fitted on the idol; but archaeologists confirm this that the whole idol is carved out of a single stone. Also, the temple and the idols are all made of metamorphic rocks, which are really very hard, even harder than marble. So, it is impossible to make such a small gap, with such precision and with zero error.
Now, have a look on the skulls which are adorned on the crown of the idol. These skulls are less than 3-inch wide, as I have already told you, but that’s not the strange thing.
What is more baffling about these skulls is that, these are completely hollow from inside. These skulls also were not separately made, and then attached to the crown, instead, these were also carved on the single stone.
You can see it more clearly in the above picture, that these are completely hollow. The skull is cut out at the place of the mouth, eyes and ears, which can be done with primitive tools. But, how the skulls were made hollow. How the stone was scooped out of the gaps made at the place of mouth, eyes, and ears, which are very-very smaller in size. And also, this is not a soft rock, it is a metamorphic rock.
I mean, how this is possible, without using any modern tool. Even today, if we use modern tools, it is nearly impossible to do such a thing.
If anyone says that it is not completely hollow, here is evidence, in the above picture. The same twig which is about 3-mm. wide was passed through one eye and it came out of the ear. It also passes from one ear to the other. So, it is completely hollow. And, it is possible to do such thing with a metamorphic rock, using just chisels and hammers, and moreover, about 800 years ago. If now, after all this, anyone thinks that it is impossible, then wait.
The Marvel of Polishing Technology-
Now, look at this beautiful stone idol. This temple is dedicated to the Lord Shiva, and this is the bull of the Lord Shiva, whose name is Nandi. Look, how beautifully this idol is polished. But, there is a strange thing. We can do great level of polishing with primitive tools, but, when we polish a stone with modern tools, it reflects light in a way, such that bright and dark patches are made.
And, you can see the bright and dark patches on the surface of the idol, which is clearly visible even after more than 800 years. This is totally baffling. But, what is more strange is that, the idol has such a great level of polishing, that you can see in it reflection of objects like a mirror.
You can clearly see the image of the white paper on the surface of the idol, in the above image. This is impossible. This idol was made more than 800 years ago, and is still reflecting images like a paper. How in the world did the so-called primitive sculpture has polished it?
To find the answer, we think that what we use today for doing such polishing. Today, we use a rotary bud for such polishing. You can see above that what a rotary bud looks like. But, did those sculptors have this kind of tools? To find an answer, let’s go to the walls of the temple. There is an idol on the wall of the temple, which is holding a tool in his hand, which looks like the rotary bud. This is totally surprising, and mysterious.
You can also clearly the patterns on the tool, which is similar to the rotary bud. But, archaeologists will say that this is mere a coincidence. So, there is another image below, which is also exactly similar to the rotary bud, which we use today. Here also you can clearly see the patterns made on the bud.
Also, today we use different kinds of bud to achieve different types and levels of polishing. You can see the images of several rotary buds, which is showing buds of different patterns.
But, do the so-called primitive sculptors also have these things?
In the above picture, you can clearly see that the idols on the wall of the temple are holding different types of tools, which is not exactly similar to the bud, but also have different patterns, which is exactly similar to what we have today.
This is too much. How can there be so many co-incidences? Now, someone may say that these are not tools. These are pine cones. But, as you can see in the image below that pine trees did not grow in India, and not even near the southern India, where this temple is located. This map shows the places where pine trees grow.
Now, after all this I am not going to say anything. Anyone who is reading this; I advise him/her to use his his/her conscience and think carefully. Please think on whatever you have read and try to figure out that, whatever the historians and archaeologists have told us about our history and our ancestors, is that true?
Thank you to all who have read this. And a special thanks to Praveen Mohan.