As food is the basic need of human being and for which a developed agricultural system is most essential. Vedic seers have also gives gop priority of Agronomy.
Three types of cornfields urvara (fertile), irina and sasypa, corn from cultivable land (krstipacya) and uncultivable land, irrigation, different type of food production brihi (rice), yava, masa, lifa, mudga, khalva, priyangu, anu (fine rice), syamaka, nivara, godhuma and masura, use of different fertilizers, various agricultural implements, etc. give us an idea of developed agronomy.
An attempt has been made in this paper to study a systematic investigation on the Vedic agricultural system to prove is as the base of modern agronomy.
Since the primary requirement of any being is food (anna), man started to think for its production, because without production consumption is impossible. India is basically an agricultural country and it is well-known that about 67% of its total population earns its livelihood from agriculture. It is the base of Indian agronomy or rural economy and the proper management of land is most essential for the same. India has sufficient fertile land (urvasā kṣetra), well irrigated by rivers to provide the food of each and every living being of this country. To keep pace with this basic need of fast changeable world, modern progressive thoughts in this area with a scientific approach on soil management and crop production, may be an important subject of modern research for the development of India and its people. But at the same time the researcher should peep into the origin of Indian agricultural system.
A food is the basic need of human being (jīvanti svadhayā annena martyāḥ ) and for which a developed agricultural system is most essential, Vedic seers have also given top priority on the same (annaṃ vai krisih ). The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa gives a clear description of four important stages of agricultural crop-production: (i) act of tilling or ploughing a land (karṣaṇa), (ii) sowing of seeds (vapana), (iii)reaping or harvesting a ripen crop (lavana) and , (vi) threshing (mardana) of corns for getting the grains (kṛṣanto ha smaiva pūrve vapanto yanti lunanto ‘pare mṛṇantaḥ śaśvaddhaibhyo’ kṛṣṭapacyā evauṣadhayaḥ pecire ). Different type of farmers, cultivation, agricultural land, ploughing with bulls, sowing the seeds of best qualigy, irrigation, fertilizer or manure, agricultural implements and preservation of scops in granaries etc. give us the basic idea of Vedic agricultural system. An attempt has been made here to give a systematic representation on these fundamental ideas of Vedic agricultural system to prove it as the base of rural economy.