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India’s journey towards environmental sustainability

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Vivek Pandey
Vivek Pandey
| News Junkie | Politics | Observer & Analyst |

India, one of the fastest growing economies in the world, faces a number of environmental challenges such as air and water pollution, deforestation, climate change, and biodiversity loss. However, the country has also been taking significant steps towards sustainable development in recent years. India’s journey towards environmental sustainability has been marked by a number of ambitious policy initiatives, innovative solutions, and partnerships with international organizations.

One of the major environmental challenges that India faces is air pollution. The country is home to some of the most polluted cities in the world, with high levels of particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, and other pollutants. To tackle this issue, India launched the National Clean Air Program (NCAP) in 2019, which aims to reduce air pollution levels by 20-30% in the next five years. The program includes measures such as setting up air quality monitoring stations, promoting electric vehicles, and encouraging public transport.

Water pollution is another major environmental challenge in India, with many rivers and lakes heavily polluted with industrial effluents and sewage. The government has launched the Jal Jeevan Mission to provide safe drinking water to all households in the country by 2024. The mission focuses on source sustainability and recharge, water conservation, and pollution abatement.

India is also committed to increasing the share of renewable energy in its energy mix. The country has set a target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, which includes 100 GW of solar, 60 GW of wind, 10 GW of biomass, and 5 GW of small hydropower. The government has also launched several schemes to promote the adoption of renewable energy, such as the Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme, which aims to provide solar-powered irrigation pumps to farmers.

In addition to these policy initiatives, India has also been promoting innovative solutions to environmental challenges. For example, the country has launched the National Agroforestry Policy, which encourages farmers to adopt agroforestry practices to increase their income and promote biodiversity. The government has also launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, a national campaign to promote cleanliness and sanitation, which has been successful in reducing open defecation and improving waste management.

India has also been partnering with international organizations to promote environmental sustainability. For example, the country has joined the International Solar Alliance, a coalition of countries that aims to promote solar energy use worldwide. India is also a member of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and has signed several agreements with other countries to promote environmental cooperation.

India’s journey towards environmental sustainability is a long and challenging one, but the country has shown that it is committed to taking bold action to tackle environmental challenges. Through a combination of policy initiatives, innovative solutions, and partnerships with international organizations, India is paving the way towards a more sustainable future.

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Vivek Pandey
Vivek Pandey
| News Junkie | Politics | Observer & Analyst |
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